Two of three fund managers expect equal or greater outlays under MiFID II.

'Best ex', dark trading and dual-listed shares are among issues.

The new EU regulations come into effect on 3 January 2018.

Brexit may end reciprocal fund access between the UK and the EU.

MiFID aims to make research costs more transparent to investors.

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MiFID II Draws Nearer  

Will the rule set boost the appeal of Europe as a trading destination? Sponsored by Interxion.

AIFMD excludes non-EU managers and reduces capital available for infrastructure.

Increased data transparency should improve market quality.

Pre-trade and post-trade transparency requirements are likely to have the greatest impact.

The proposals are aimed at Europe but could be adopted globally over time.