UK fines Merrill Lynch £34m in first Emir reporting enforcement action.
Trade repository data has been used for the estimate for the first time.
Two agreements provide certainty and minimise regulatory arbitrage.
Better optimization of swaps and futures holdings can help clearinghouses.
Only four swaps do not have a dual US and EU trading obligation.
Deutsche Börse wants to take clearing of interest rate swaps from LCH.
Companies with a registered office in Switzerland have to report derivatives.
MiFID II moves trading in liquid derivatives onto regulated venues.
US and EU entities may be unable to trade some derivatives in January without a decision.